Real-Space Approach for the Electronic Calculation of Twisted Bilayer Graphene Using the Orthogonal Polynomial Technique

Hoang Anh Le, Van Thuong Nguyen, Van Duy Nguyen, Van-Nam Do, Si Ta Ho


We discuss technical issues involving the implementation of a computational method for the electronic structure of material systems of arbitrary atomic arrangement. The method is based on the analysis of time evolution of electron states in the real lattice space. The Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind are used to approximate the time evolution operator.  We demonstrate that the developed method is powerful and efficient since the computational scaling law is linear. We invoked the method to study the electronic properties of special twisted bilayer graphene whose atomic structure is quasi-crystalline. We show the density of states of an electron in this graphene system as well as the variation of the associated time auto-correlation function. We find the fluctuation of electron density on the lattice nodes forming a typical pattern closely related to the typical atomic pattern of the quasi-crystalline bilayer graphene configuration.


Bilayer, Chebyshev polynomials, Electronic structure, Graphene, Quasi-crystalline, Time evolution

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