TRA BAC ACTIVATED CARBON USED AS ELECTRODE MATERIAL IN AQUEOUS SUPERCAPACITOR

Van Man Tran

Abstract


Carbon materials i.e. activated carbon, carbon aerogel, carbon nanotubes (CNTs)… store a high electric power and a great stable cyclability when they are used as electrode materials in electrical double–layers capacitor (EDLC). In this work, activated carbon from coconut shells which was cooperatively provided by the Tra Bac Joint Stock Corporation–TRABACO was investigated as electrode materials in EDLC. Raw carbon material with large particle size was crushed and sieved to obtain a 43 µm grain size fraction for electrochemical characterization. The symmetric EDLC configuration based on Tra Bac carbon was tested in Swagelok–type cell using KOH electrolyte in the potential range 0–1 V. The CV curves indicated that charges can be stored enormously with a high reversibility and stability. The high performance of EDLC based carbon in KOH electrolyte could be further improved by variation of electrode composition. The rate capability of the material was also studied under different current ranges. In our best results, a specific capacitance of 20 F/g was obtained at the charge–discharge current of 1 A/g. Even at very high applied current range, the capacitance dropped slowly, less than fifteen percent.


Keywords


activated carbon, aqueous supercapacitors, cyclic voltammetry.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/55/1B/12117 Display counter: Abstract : 121 views. PDF : 88 views.

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Published by Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology