SYNTHESIS OF HYDROTALCITE POWDER AND BEAD TO REMOVE ARSENATE

Tung Nguyen Thanh

Abstract


The affecting factors on the synthesis of hydrotalcite (HT) powder and bead for effective arsenate removal were investigated. HTs with a ratio of Mg:Al = 2:1 (MA) were synthesized by the co-precipitation method at 70 oC with reaction times of 1 and 120 -  300 min. The synthesis of MA with a reaction time of 1 min was done under high supersaturation condition, the others under low supersaturation conditions. The characteristics of MA were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy, and nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms. According to the XRD patterns, pure HT was obtained for all tested conditions. With increasing reaction time from 1 to 300 min, the crystal size of MA increased from 4.9 to 11.3 μm, the surface area of MA increased from 9.3 to 71.4 m2/g. Batch-mode experiments showed that 1-min reaction time MA had the highest As(V) removal capacity. MA beads were separately synthesized using alginate and poly acrylamide (PAM) as binding agents. For alginate/MA, heat drying (110 oC) and freeze drying were applied to test the effect of these drying methods on the beads. The results showed that As(V) adsorption capacity of PAM/MA was the highest, closely followed by freeze drying/alginate/MA, much higher than that of heat drying/alginate/MA bead. 

 

 

Keywords


hydrotalcite, arsenate, adsorption.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/55/4C/12153 Display counter: Abstract : 114 views. PDF : 166 views.

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Published by Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology