Bui Hung Thang, Nguyen Xuan Toan, Nguyen Viet Phuong, Tran Van Hau, Nguyen Thi Hong, Nguyen Ngoc Trac, Vu Dinh Lam, Phan Ngoc Minh


Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been widely known as nanomaterials with excellent mechanical properties. Previous studies reported that the tensile strength of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was up to 63 GPa and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) could reach 150 GPa while the highest tensile strength of the steel was found to be about 1.8 GPa. SWCNTs could have Young’s modulus up to 1000 GPa that was much greater than the value of 209 GPa of steel. Therefore, there is a great potential to utilize CNTs as reinforced materials for composites in general and Ni electrodeposition coating in particular to improve hardness, durability, corrosion, and other physical and mechanical properties. This paper presents results of preparing and examining characteristics of the Nickel electrodeposition coatings containing MWCNTs (Ni-MWCNTs). The Ni-MWCNTs composite coatings deposited on a steel plate with the area of 0.4 dm2 using bipolar pulses at 470 Hz and 50oC in a 5-liter bath. Amount of CNTs varying from 1 g/l to 3 g/l was dispersed into the solution by using surfactants and ultrasonic vibration. CNTs used in the study was MWCNTs diameters in the range from 20 to 90 nanometers and few micrometers in length. The SEM, EDS, hardness and adhesion tests were conducted to analyze the properties of the electrodeposition coatings. The obtained results indicated that the hardness and adhesion of the Ni-CNTs coating were 1.5 and 1.46 times, respectively, higher than those of the Ni coating. In addition, adhesion of the Ni-CNTs coating was significantly improved.


electrodeposition, Nickel, reinforcement, carbon nanotubes, CNTs

Full Text:



P He, S Huang, H Wang, Z Huang, J Hu, X Cheng, C Pan. Electroless nickel-phosphorus plating on silicon carbide particles for metal matrix composites. Ceramics International 40 (10 B) (2014) 16653-16664

X. J. Sun, J. G. Li. Friction and Wear Properties of Electrodeposited Nickel–Titania Nanocomposite Coatings. Tribology Letters 28 (3) (2007) 223-228

Randhir Singh, Dinesh Kumar, C. C. Tripathi. Graphene: Potential Material for Nanoelectronics Applications. Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Physics (53) (2015) 501-513.

N. Usha Kiran, Sanjukta Dey, Bimal P. Singh, Laxmidhar Besra. Graphene Coating on Copper by Electrophoretic Deposition for Corrosion Prevention. Coatings 7 (12) (2017) 214.

Benigna Szeptycka, Anna Gajewska-Midzialek, Tomasz Babul. Electrodeposition and Corrosion Resistance of Ni-Graphene Composite Coatings. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 25 (8) (2016) 3134-3138.

Yu M.F., Lourie O., Dyer M.J., Moloni K., Kelly T.F., Ruoff R.S. Strength and Breaking Mechanism of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes under Tensile Load. Science 287 (2009) 637-640.

J. N. Coleman U. Khan Y. K. Gun'ko. Mechanical Reinforcement of Polymers Using Carbon Nanotubes. Advanced materials 18 (6) (2006) 689-706.

Philip G. Collins, Phaedon Avouris. Nanotubes for Electronics. Scientific American, (December, 2000), 62-69.

Gougang Zhao, Fuming Deng. Electroless Plating of Ni-P-CNTs Composite Coating. Key Engineering Materials 280-283 (2007) 1445-1448.

J. Tan, T. Yu, B. Xu, Q. Yao. Microstructure and Wear Resistance of Nickel–Carbon Nanotube Composite Coating from Brush Plating Technique. Tribology Letters 21 (2) (2006) 107-111.

Nguyen Duc Dung, Nguyen Van Chuc, Ngo Thi Thanh Tam, Nguyen Hong Quang, Phan Hong Khoi and Phan Ngoc Minh. Carbon-Nanotube Growth over Iron Nano particles Formed on CaCO3 Support by Using Hydrogen Reduction, Journal of the Korean Physical Society 52 (5) (2008) 1372-1377.

T. Mimani, S. M. Mayanna, N. Munichandraiah. Influence of Additives on the Electrodeposition of Nickel from a Watts Bath: a Cyclic Voltammetric Study. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 23 (4) (1993) 339-345.

Qing Feng Wang, Peng Cheng Zhang, Xiao Hong Wang, Da Peng Ren, Ding Mu Lang, Yan Zhi Zhang. Microstructure of Nanocrystalline Nickel Deposit Pulse-plated on Depleted Uranium Surface. Journal of Metastable and Nanocrystalline Material 23 (2005) 191-194.

DOI: Display counter: Abstract : 274 views. PDF : 118 views.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

budidaya tani

Index: Google Scholar; Crossref; VCGate; Asean Citation Index

Published by Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology